Thailand, (2009). 8, Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. This service is more advanced with JavaScript available, Medicinal and Aromatic Plants VI Featured: Lysimachia arvensis Distribution. Flame lily has a wide variety of uses, especially within traditional medicine as practised in tropical Africa and Asia (including Ayurvedic medicine in India). E. Africa: 423, t. 409, 488 (1987). C Struik Press, Cape Town, Carow B (1975) Anomalies in the tubers of, Chavadej S, Becker H (1984) Influence of colchicine treatment on chromosome number and growth rate of tissue cultures of, Chen CH, Goeden-Kallemeyn YC (1979) In vitro induction of tetraploid plants from colchicinetreated diploid day lily callus. & Obholzer, J. (eds.) Myanmar, Fosberg, F.R. Flowering Plants of Seychelles: 1-327. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0, Kew Science Photographs Natural distribution Naturally, the Gloriosa superba is found throughout southern Africa. (2006). Botswana, Hoenselaar, K. (2005). Over 10 million scientific documents at your fingertips. Ethiopia and Eritrea 6: 184–185 (1997). In: Kurz WGW (ed) Primary and secondary metabolism of plant cultures 2. Endemic status: Red data list status: Insects associated with this species: ... Other sources of information about Gloriosa superba: Our websites: Flora of Botswana: Gloriosa superba Flora of Caprivi: Gloriosa superba Flora of Malawi: Gloriosa superba Accessed 7 October 2019. Sosef, M.S.M. Smitinand, T. & Larsen, K. Baker in Flora of Tropical Africa 7: 563 (1898). Download preview PDF. Windward Is. Sierra Leone, Field in Kew Bulletin 25: 243–244 (1971). Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. Gloriosa superba is a species of flowering plant in the family Colchicaceae. Gloriosa superba flame lily Legal Status. Iowa State College Press, Ames, Escher F, Strech H, Ladebusch H (1973) The effect of tuber size on the yield of, Evans DA, Hart DJ, Koelsch PM (1978) A new approach to the synthesis of tropolones: synthesis of colchicine and β-dolabrin. Flame lily is a tuberous herb, which is widespread in tropical and southern Africa and in tropical Asia. The genus Gloriosa (Colchicaceae) - ethnobotany, phylogeny and taxonomy: 1-194. Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. Togo, Magazine, vol. A sytematic census of monocot climbers of Bihar anf Jharkhand states Indian Journal of Forestry 37: 317-324. A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 14: 1-307. The flame or glory lily, Gloriosa superba ‘Rothschildiana’, is a deciduous climber, bearing startling bright red flowers with recurved petals and protruding stamens, and flashy yellow margins.It’s the perfect choice for an exotic planting scheme, especially when allowed to climb through other plants. Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Cabinda, Pham-hoang Ho, Montréal. Flora of the Cook Islands: 1-973. Fiji, Special habitats and threatened plants of India. Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga: Habitat and Ecology. Distribution . Euphytica 28:705–709, Clewer HWV, Green SS, Tutin F (1915) The constituents of, Collin HA (1987) Determinants of yield of secondary products in plant tissue cultures. Divya Yoga Mandir Trust. Sumatera, 2019. Distribution and habitat Gloriosa superba occurs in semi-shade or sun in bushveld, coastal dunes, coastal woodlands, forest, thicket, grassland and savanna-forest boundaries, in the Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal, Mpumalanga, Limpopo, North West and in Swaziland, Botswana, Namibia and Zimbabwe and into tropical Africa, India and southeastern Asia. This is a preview of subscription content, Bayliss MW (1976) Variation of cell cycle duration within suspension cultures of, Blade-Font A (1977) New chemistry of colchicine and related compounds. Guinea, National Botanical Institute, Pretoria. In: Debergh PC, Zimmerman RH (eds) Micropropagation. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Trinidad-Tobago, Tanzania, It is most common in northern New South Wales and south-eastern Queensland. Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): B,N,W,C,E,S: ... Other sources of information about Gloriosa superba: Our websites: Flora of Botswana: Gloriosa superba Flora of Caprivi: Gloriosa superba Flora of Malawi: Gloriosa superba Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Sykes, W.R. (2016). & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Dried and alcohol-preserved specimens of Gloriosa superba are held in Kew's Herbarium, where they are available to researchers from around the world, by appointment. & Mosnier, M. (1972). J Org Chem 50:3425–3427, Boger DL, Brotherton CE (1986) Thermal reactions of cyclopropenone ketals. The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Ethiopia, Cameroon, Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps. The leaf blade has strong, parallel nerves and ends in a tendril-like spiral. An Illustrated flora of Vietnam 3(1): 1-603d. Noltie, H.J. Major system. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh. Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226. Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). (2012). Unable to display preview. Collect Czech Chem Commun 27:255–267, Hussey G (1977) In vitro propagation of some members of the Liliaceae, Iridaceae and Amaryllidaceae. Vietnam, Senegal, Flame lily can be seen growing in the Temperate House, Palm House and Waterlily House at Kew. [Cited as Gloriosa superba.] Common names include flame lily, climbing lily, creeping lily, glory lily, gloriosa lily, tiger claw, and fire lily. Worldwide distribution: Throughout tropical Africa, Asia and Indian Ocean islands. Suriname, Thaman, R.R., Fosberg, F.R., Manner, H.I. P. Premawardana2 and H Janaka de Silva1 Abstract Background: Gloriosa superba (GSb) is a highly poisonous plant and its toxicity is due to anti-mitotic effects of Collin, London, Wagner H, Hikino H, Farnsworth NR (1988) Economic and medicinal plant research, vol 2. (eds.) (2003). (eds.) Flora of Morni Hills (Research & Possibilities): 1-581. Benin, 94.130.18.114. Gloriosa superba DSC 4903.jpg 3,216 × 2,136; 2.73 MB. It has also been used to commit murder, suicide, to induce abortions and to poison dogs. 82, (1856) Gloriosa superba (as syn. Fosberg, F.R., Sachet, M.-H., Oliver, R. (1987). (ed.) Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/ Gloriosa superba is a hardy, deciduous, trailing or scrambling plant with shiny light green leaves that taper to tendrils at the tips, which help it to climb. Physiol Plant 15:473–497, Narain P, Khoshoo TN (1967) An indigenous source of colchicine. Gloriosa superba is a climbing or scrambling vine with glossy leaves, the tips of which coil onto nearby bushes, using them as a support. Vi?tnam. Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/, Kew Backbone Distributions NAME 1.1 Scientific name Gloriosa superba L. 1.2 Family Colchicaceae 1.3 Common name(s) of the plant and synonyms Flame lily; glory lily 2. Reeve, Ashford, Sakuta M, Komamine A (1987) Cell growth and accumulation of secondary metabolites. Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. 601,314. This species is widely naturalised along the coast of eastern Australia, from northern Queensland through to central New South Wales. Experimenta 35:1168, NU Research Unit for Plant Growth and Development, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-57970-7_10, Biotechnology in Agriculture and Forestry. Thesis, Wageningen University, Wageningen, The Netherlands. Sulawesi, Media in category "Gloriosa superba" The following 200 files are in this category, out of 222 total. Tokelau-Manihiki, Gloriosa superba L. Map of species records. Geerinck, D. (2012). Acute intoxication following the ingestion of G. superba results in gastrointestinal and haematological abnormalities, hepatic and renal insufficiency, cardiotoxicity and hair loss. Flora of the Solomon Islands Research Bulletin Dodo Creek Research Station 7: 1-203. Preparations of colchicine have been used to cure acute gout. (ed.) However, in some areas of India (Patalkot, Chhindwara District), Bangladesh and Sri Lanka it has been assessed as rare, and natural populations are believed to be in decline. The generic name Gloriosa means 'full of glory' and the specific epithet superba means 'superb', alluding to the striking red and yellow flowers. All parts of the plant, but especially the tubers (swollen, underground stems), are extremely poisonous and the ingestion of flame lily has caused many accidental deaths. It contains the alkaloid colchicine, which has been used effectively to treat acute gout, intestinal worms, infertility, wounds and other skin problems. Contribution à la flore d' Afrique centrale: Colchicaceae et Flagellariaceae Taxonomania. Northern Provinces, Gloriosa superba is being monitored as part of the Sampled Red List Index Project, which aims to produce conservation assessments for a representative sample of the world's plant species. Zimbabwe. The flowers grow on long stalks and are 6-parted, yellow or red with wavy margins. Van Steenis, C.G.G.J. Rootstockis thick, arched, solid, fleshy-white, almost cylindrical or slightly laterally flattened, occurringin pieces of 15-30 cm long, and 2.5 – 3.8 cm thick, often bifurcated with tapering ends, resembling a plough-share, one arm generally more than double the length of the … Within South Africa, it is particularly prolific in the provinces of KwaZulu-Natal, the Western Cape and the Northern Cape. Oceanic Islands 1 Flora of Australia 49: 1-681. Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Distribution Update: Documentation: Fact Sheets & Plant Guides: Introduced, Invasive, and Noxious Plants ... Gloriosa L. – flame lily ... of Gloriosa . We present a case with typical features of G superba toxicity. GTZ, Eschborn. (2010). Madagascar, (1995). Burkina, Câyc? 2015. Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 6: 1-586. Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. It has been found up to 2,500 m above sea level. Ivory Coast, Van Steenis, C.G.G.J. Flame lily is in decline in some areas of India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh and southern Africa, due to over-collection of the seeds and tubers. It is thought that pollination is probably carried out by butterflies and sunbirds. J Am Chem Soc 103:5813–5821, Finnie JF, van Staden J (1989) In vitro propagation of, Finnie JF, van Staden J (1991) Isolation of colchicine from, Guri A, Zelcer A, Izhar S (1984) Induction of high mitotic index in, Hahlbrock K, Ebel J, Oaks A, Auden J, Liersch M (1974) Determination of specific growth stages of plant cell suspension cultures by monitoring conductivity changes in the medium. The climbing glory lily, Gloriosa superba ‘Rothschildiana’ is an ideal choice for growing in a warm conservatory, where it will scramble up support canes or wires to a height of around 1.2m. Chem Abst 103:6576, Bryant AT (1966) Zulu medicine and medicine-men. ... Gloriosa superba L. – flame lily Subordinate Taxa. & al. Gymnosperms and angiosperms. Pakistan, Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Celis, M. Orchard, A.E. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3:1. Reaction with aliphatic anhydrides leading to achiral compounds. Gloriosa superba is common throughout much of its range. The leaves are simple (undivided). The plant has numerous uses as remedies and potions to the local populations of both Africa and Asia. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0, Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone Spectacular red and yellow flowers, resembling flames, are borne from November to March. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Flora de Guinea Ecuatorial 10: 1-491. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra. Consejo superior de investigaciones científicas, Real jardín botánico, Madrid. (eds.) Bhattacharya, R.P., Pal, D.C. & Pati, B.R. It grows from a ‘U’ shaped tuber that is deeply buried. (1997). Central News Agency, Johannesburg, Subbaratnam AV (1952) Alkaloid constituents of, Subbaratnam AV (1954) Studies on alkaloid constituents of, Thakur RS, Potesilova H, Santavy F (1975) Substances from plants of the subfamily Wurmbaeoideae and their derivatives. Flora of Tropical East Africa. Marcel, New York, Debergh P, Maene LJ (1981) A scheme for commercial propagation of ornamental plants by tissue culture. Academic Press, New York, pp 97–114, Santavy F (1980) Chemotaxonomy of plants producing colchicine alkaloids. Noordhoff-Kolff N.V., Djakarta. (1978). Wiley, New York, Pierik RLM (1991) Commercial micropropagation in western Europe and Israel. Gloriosa superba is a slender, herbaceous vine grown from a thick tuberous rootstock. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system. Gloriosa in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. (2011). ... (Gloriosa superba Linnaeus) = Gloriosa Linnaeus 1753. Interpreting Wetland Status. Smith, A.C. (1979). Seychelles, (2010). Chad, Flora of West Tropical Africa Guinea-Bissau, Livingstone, Edinburgh, Wildman WC, Pursey BA (1968) Colchicine and related compounds. Nat Prod R 2:163–179, Herbert RB, Knagg E (1986) The biosynthesis of the phenethylisoquinoline alkaloid, colchicine, from cinnamaldehyde and dihydrocinnamaldehyde. (1994). It is also becoming a concern on the central coast of New South Wales, and is regarded as an "alert weed" in the northern Sydney region.Glory lily (Gloriosa superba) is also regarded as being invasive on several Pacific islands (e.g. It’s also a popular conservatory plant. Crop Sci 10:696–699, Henrard GEJ (1982) Growth development and dormancy in, Herbert RB (1985) The biosynthesis of plant alkaloids and nitrogenous microbial metabolites. Liberia, Nauru, National Tropical Botanical Garden, Hawaii. Cite as. Preparations of colchicine have been used to cure acute gout. Regional: West Tropical Africa. Academic Press, London, Watt JM, Breyer-Brandwijk MG (1962) The medicinal and poisonous plants of Southern and Eastern Africa, 2nd edn. Adv Bot Res 13:145–187, Currah L, Ockendon DJ (1987) Chromosome doubling of mature haploid brussel sprout plants by colchicine treatment. Zaïre, Kew Backbone Distributions. This information will then be used to monitor trends in extinction risk and help focus conservation efforts where they are needed most. Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. (eds.) It grows from 1 to 3 meters from an underground tuber. Tafelberg, Cape Town, Pictet A (1904) The vegetable alkaloids with particular reference to their chemical constitution. A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590. The pedicel (flower stalk) can be up to 20 cm long. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. Popa, central Myanmar - Results of Myanmar-Japanese joint expeditions, 2000-2004 Makinoa 5: 1-102. (1984). Fosberg, F.R. Hanid in Upland Kenya Wild Flowers ed. Br. Jawa, The generic name Gloriosa means 'full of glory' and the specific epithet superba means 'superb', alluding to the striking red and yellow flowers. Gloriosa superba is a perennial tuberous climbing herb. (2015). Nigeria, Tanaka, N., Koyama, T. & Murata, J. Lesser Sunda Is., Peyre de Fabregues, B. Blundell in Wild Fl. Lebrun, J.P., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/ Gloriosa superba L. Accepted Name Climbing lily Plantae > Tracheophyta > Liliopsida > Liliales > Colchicaceae > Gloriosa > Gloriosa superba L. Shama Books, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. & Hawthorne, W.D. Borneo, Flora of Thailand 1: 1-694. An exotic summer-flowering plant, the glory lily requires warm growing conditions to … Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. pp 146-166 | Distribution Update: Documentation: Fact Sheets & Plant Guides: Introduced, Invasive, and Noxious Plants ... Gloriosa rothschildiana O'Brien: Classification. Kew Species Profiles 1968, Colchicaceae, Kim Hoenselaar. Mauritius . (2006). Gloriosa. Although commercially cultivated in southern India, it is estimated that pharmacies and drug manufacturers in India fulfil up to 75% of their raw material demand from wild populations. © 2020 Springer Nature Switzerland AG. A new flora for Fiji (Spermatophytes only) 1: 1-495. (2006). Maroyi, A. A Geographical Checklist of the Micronesian Monocotyledonae Micronesica; Journal of the College of Guam 20: 19-129. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra. Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots' Phytotaxa 250: 1-431. Flora of Lakshadweep islands off the Malabar coast, peninsular India, with emphasis on phytogeographical distribution of plants Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 19: 235-250. Uganda, Mozambique, On a dry mass basis, Colchicum yielded 0.62% colchicine and 0.39% colchicoside, while Gloriosa yielded 0.9% and 0.82% respectively. The flowers are usually red and yellow with crisply waved margins. Abstract. Dassanayake (ed.) Maldives, Gloriosa superba in particular is widely naturalized. (ed.) Specimens of flame lily tubers are also held in Kew's Economic Botany Collection, where they are available for study, by appointment. Sudan, (2003). Not endemic to South Africa: Provincial distribution. Colchicine is widely used as an experimental tool in the study of cell division, as it can inhibit mitosis (a type of cell division), induce polyploidy (cells containing more than two sets of chromosomes), and has been used in the treatment of cancer. George, A.S. Kenya, Gloriosa superba (as syn. The map shows the records in our database. The objective of this study was to describe epidemiological and clinical manifestations following Gloriosa superba poisoning and its long term effects. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort. Backhuys Publishers. Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania. Baker in Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Botany 17 (103): 457 (1879). GLORIOSA SUPERBA International Programme on Chemical Safety Poisons Information Monograph 245 Plant 1. (1948-1954). (2010). Gloriosa superba L. Flame lily is a tuberous herb, which is widespread in tropical and southern Africa and in tropical Asia. Central African Repu, Robertson, S.A. (1989). Flame lily is the National flower of Zimbabwe. Cape Provinces, Vascular plants of Aitutaki Atoll Research Bulletin 190: 73-84. In the Indian state of Orissa, for example, where G. superba used to be common, it is now on the verge of extinction according to the Wildlife Institute of India. Gulf of Guinea Is., Caprivi Strip, © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Total synthesis of deacetamidocolchiceine: formal total synthesis of colchicine. (eds.) Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. Birkhauser, Basel, Heinz J, Mee GWP (1970) Colchicine-induced polyploids from cell suspension cultures of sugar cane. Clewer et al. This plant has no children Legal Status. Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34: 1-199. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co, Andaman Is., (eds.) Nepal, Flora of China 24: 1-431. H?, P.-H. (1993). Kluwer, Dordrecht, pp 155–165, Pinol MT, Palazon J, Serrano M (1984) Growth and nicotine content of tobacco callus cultures without organogenesis. & Sachet, M.-H. (1987). (1988). Velayos, M. & al. Gilbert Is., De Taxonomie et de la Tshopo ( RD Congo ) Taxonomania are borne from November March! To their Chemical constitution 'hotspots ' Phytotaxa 250: 1-431 Ockendon DJ ( 1987 ) cell and! Makinoa 5: 1-102 Demissew, S., Demissew, S., Jain,,. ) herb, which is widespread in tropical Asia, DeFilipps,,... Poisoning in Sri Lanka, and trained at 1.5 meter above the ground level Hedberg I... Subtropical areas Month Year ] ': Charles Antoine Lemaire: L'Illustration horticole, vol 4 to dogs! Map or name for species profiles used to cure acute gout of sugar cane, London, Wagner,! 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Benin, Burkina, Ghana, Guinea-Bissau, Guinea, Ivory Coast,,., Hussey G ( 1977 ) in vitro propagation of ornamental plants by tissue culture ;!