Common Name: River Birch, Red Birch Latin Name: Betula nigra Soil: Medium moisture, well-drained. Betula Nigra - also known as River Birch, Black Birch and Red Birch. Primrose stocks multiple varieties and large pot sizes up to 18L. Flowering period/colour: Spring Hardiness: Fully hardy Eventual height/spread: 12m/8m Special features: Cinnamon coloured bark that peels and flakes to reveal creamy layers underneath. River Birch (Betula nigra) Habitat. Vigorous and fast growing this birch does well in a range of climates including warmer regions. Heritage® river birch. In cultivation, it can be trained as either a single trunk or multi-trunked tree. But they were rather distained by loggers as knotty and spindly, therefore often left to grow along the river bank to control erosion. Birch is a deciduous tree that reaches between 10 and 30 meters high, it is generally grown as an ornamental species for parks and gardens. Family Betulaceae . This spectacular River Birch is, in our opinion, a tree rivalled in its suitability for wet sites only by Alders and Willows, The shaggy, ruffled bark displays an array of colours and makes for brilliant year round interest. The winter twigs are slender, red-brown in color, and covered with white conspicuous lenticels or pores. Distribution It is native to North America. They grow quickly and tend to showcase white, silver or even sometimes a bark with a slight pinkish tinge. It is used as a firewood. It has a narrow, oval to pyramidal crown when young, spreading wider with age as several branches become dominant. Here they may only live between 30 and 40 years. Betula nigra – River Birch tree 2.5-3.0m Multi-stem. A rather special variety of Birch tree, Betula Nigra is one of the few birches that will tolerate a hot spell and is an ornamental trees that will thrive in wet soil. Cultivated paper birches have a much shorter life if they are grown in the home landscape. The fruits will separate from the catkin-like aggregate and be spread by wind. Leaves of the birch can be either pointed or toothed. It thrives in dry woodlands, downs and heaths. River birch (Betula nigra) is a fast-growing, shade tree native to the Mississippi River flood plain in southeastern Minnesota.It is popular for its ornamental peeling bark. Betula nigra 'Heritage' (River Birch) Betula nigra 'Heritage' is a beautiful river birch prized for its incredible peeling bark. Birch trees are amongst the most well-known and elegant trees in the UK. Soil Well-drained soil and sometimes sandy soil suit its growth. Acid, alkaline or neutral. Young River Birch. Slightly acidic soils (with a pH between 5.0 and 6.5) are ideal, but preferences vary with the species, with river birch favoring a pH below 6.5 while yellow birch is tolerant of alkaline conditions. Notify me when this product is available: 31847036157994 31847036190762 Fruit - Betula nigra: river birch Credits: Gitta Hasing, UF/IFAS. 1). It is used in the construction of furniture and high-grade plywood. Creamy-grey and cinnamon brown base tones are highlighted with hints of pinky-orange, purple and gold. The river birch produces separate male and female flowers in the form of catkins. River birch wood was once used for ox yokes, wooden shoes and other products around the farm. The leaves attract aphids, providing food for ladybirds and other species further up the food chain. Multi-stem Betula nigra trees are narrow when young becoming very spreading with age as the upright trunks slowly spread outwards. The fruit matures in autumn and is composed of numerous winged seeds. A bushy deciduous tree that is prized for its incredible peeling bark. Salmon pink, smooth and shiny at first, the bark then flakes and curls in cinnamon-brown to blackish sheets. It grows widely across the UK preferring a drier, sandier soil then downy birch.This often means downy birch is the more common birch in Ireland and Scotland and at higher altitudes. Seeds and bark of the birch are source of food for forest animals such as rabbits, deer and birds. This wooden play food set features a wooden knife and seven pieces of sliceable fruit that can be cut into a total of seventeen pieces! The type of fruit bore by the birches is known as ‘samara’. The seeds of River Birch are small, no more than 4 millimeters in length, and one catkin contains hundreds of seeds- one pound of seed can easily consist of over 375,000 individual nutlets! But this American species needs moisture in order to thrive, so it’s no good planting it on well-drained soil or in drier areas of the country. Birch woods (which may include downy or silver birch, or both) have a light, open canopy, providing the perfect conditions for grasses, mosses, wood anemones, bluebells, wood sorrel and violets to grow. River Birch is also the only birch that is found on the Coastal Plains of the US. It is believed that the name “Birch” comes from the Indo-European word “bhereo”which means glossy white. Betula nigra. River birch can be grown as either a single trunk or multi-stemmed tree. Fruit Characteristics. Tolerant of a range of temperatures, it grows as far south as Spain and as far north as Lapland. see more; Synonyms Betula rubra. Well Packaged & Quick Delivery. The veins of the leaves run directly to the teeth from the mid-vein of the leaf. If there is more than one strong stem, at this age it is simple enough to prune away side shoots and train the leader stem if you would prefer a single stem, standard tree. Silver birch is a popular garden tree and often hybridises with our other native birch, the downy birch, Betula pubescens, which is more common in Scotland. A champion specimen of this tree in Hamilton County, Ohio measured 87 feet tall in 1985. Genus Betula can be deciduous trees or shrubs, usually colouring well in autumn and often with striking white, pink, or peeling brown bark; separate male and female catkins open before or with the leaves … River Birch1 Edward F. Gilman and Dennis G. Watson2 INTRODUCTION River birch can grow 50 to 90 feet tall but is often seen 40 to 50 feet (Fig. A river birch tree (Betula nigra) is an excellent specimen or accent plant because of its pyramidal form and delicate foliage. The species is native to this continent. What makes yard work a chore with the river birch are the falling catkins, fruit, and flaking bark that constantly litter the yard. Downy birch provides food and habitat for more than 300 insect species. Some of the popular common names of the plants are Silver Birch, European white birch, Common Birch, Warty Birch, European White Birch, East Asian white birch, bed wen, birk tree, lady birch, lady of the woods and weeping birch. Position: Full sun to part shade. Held together with self-stick tabs, the food makes a fun and satisfying "CRUNCH" sound when sliced. With so many pieces, it's also … Your birch will usually arrive as a single stem tree. Very Small up to 5 metres (117) Small - 5-10 metres (134) Medium - 10-15 metres (42) Large - 15-20 metres (18) Very Large - 20 metres+ (16) Shape/habit. The lifespan of a paper birch in the wild is between 80 and 140 years. Pollination results in the birch's fruit, small cones that are packed with hairy seeds. River birch is distinguished by having alternate, simple leaves, 1 1/2 to 3 1/2 inches long, 3/4 to 2 1/2 inches wide, sharp pointed, double toothed or shallowly lobed, with a wedge shaped base. River birch (Betula nigra) Fruit and Seed Seedling: Propagation Method. It can catch a fire even when it is wet. On this occasion we will not dedicate the article to talk in general about birch tree, but we will focus on specifically covering two of the most popular varieties, the River Birch and the Silver Birch. The striking bark varies from cream to pink , grey and brown, and on the younger trees it peels in numerous thin, shaggy layers. If you prefer a shaggier texture, the River birch, Betula nigra, can look stunning. The Arbor Day Foundation is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit conservation and education organization. Additionally, this tree has a … Fruits can be collected in the spring in May to June just as they turn from green to brown. zone 4; in the wild, limited to moist areas and is most commonly found along stream banks and areas that flood; Habit and Form. The fruit is a small samara, although the wings may be obscure in some species. Betula nigra, commonly called river birch, is a vigorous, fast-growing, medium-sized, Missouri native deciduous tree which occurs on floodplains, swampy bottomlands and along streams throughout the State. The small cone-like fruit opens and sheds small nutlet seeds in spring. Birch tree produces fruit called "samara" which can release around 1 million seeds each year. Leaves, Flowers, and Fruit of a River Birch . We inspire people to plant, nurture, and celebrate trees. Some birch will even grow successfully in wet ground as long as it is not waterlogged. Birch cast light shade and this is what makes them an ideal choice for those who wish to grow other plants and trees below them. Facts about Birch Tree . That means it is one of the first trees to colonise new (or cleared) land. As a landscape plant, it is grown as a single-stem tree or in a clump as a multi-stemmed tree with three or more trunks. Variety Information. Betula Nigra, River birch tree, is a lesser known tree, but none the less very useful for certain scenarios, where trees that require free draining soils will not survive the river birch, as its name suggests, will thrive on wetter soil conditions. Some of the useful facts and details about the birch tree are listed below.The name, ‘birch’ has originated from a Germanic term, birka. Wood of birch tree is highly flammable. Unlike other kinds of birch tree, the fruits of the River Birch mature in the spring following flowering. The tree has male and female catkins, which are slim, cylindrical flower clusters that are grouped in 3s. Because of that, birch tree is used as high-quality firewood. Silver birch is a pioneer tree. The samara fruits are formed of papery/fibrous tissues which develop from the walls of ovary. River birch. Paper birch trees (Betula papyrafera), also known as white birch or silver birch, are popular garden trees. Edible Fruit/Nuts (14) Suitable for Topiary (15) Pollarding/Coppice (12) Sound Barrier (29) Flower Arranging (102) Suitable for Containers (43) Suitable for Patio (48) Suitable for training on a wall (16) Size. Seed collection: River birch fruit are small nutlets held together in a catkin-like aggregate of fruits called strobiles. It is the only birch to produce fruit in spring. Uses. It normally grows with a central leader and small-diameter, dark-colored lateral branches. cone or cone-like; cone greater than 1 inch long; wings on both sides of scales; seed with wings; hairy winged nutlets; River Birch. With gorgeous peeling bark, birch trees are great for adding character to your garden. Name: River Birch (Betula nigra), also known as water birch, or black birch. Salmon-cream to brownish at first, it exfoliates to reveal a creamy-white inner bark that can almost rival with the European white birches. 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