In addition to the above two classifications, plywood is also rated as Sheathing, Stud I-Floor, and siding. Best used for furniture and anything that requires a strong load-bearing frame. We also carry pre-cut project panels that are available in different sizes that may vary by store. CP/CP: Single piece face and back. Should be covered by other materials by the end of the project. The first letter is the face veneer grade, and the … Blended Repaired Tapering Hairline Splits. OSB is available in a variety of thicknesses as shown in the table to the right. Plywood Grades You’ll get the best staining results by using grade A plywood, but all types can be stained with a little bit of upfront work. the letter "A" is the best level of plywood veneer you can buy (that means plywood without any noticeable knots, holes, or repaired defects), then letters C and D certainly indicate a lower grade of quality when talking about plywood in general—and the price will reflect this. These wholesalers always maintain different type’s plywood like MR Grade Plywood, Waterproof plywood and Gurjan Plywood. You’ll often see plywood with two grades as in “A-C.” This means that the face side is an A grade and the backside is a C grade. HARDWOOD PLYWOOD (IMPORTED) Imported Plywood is graded with a face and back grade designation. The “CP” back veneers are downgraded from “BB” grade veneers, which allow for unlimited patches and sound knots, but does not allow for open defects. The letter grades typically come in pairs, where one letter refers to the "better" side, called the face, and the other letter to the backside, opposite the face. B/BB: Single piece face and back veneer. There are five important ratings that convey where and how to use plywood: Exterior, Exposure 1, Exposure 2, Interior and Structural 1. Used for framing, beams, flooring and bracing panels. (310) 397-8229 Structural 1 is rated for seismic retrofit work, meaning it is designed to be earthquake resistant. It is made from thin sheets of veneer peeled from debarked wood. The grades of plywood in case of exterior are A-C, B-C and CDX. Culver City, Ca. The back grades are (best to worst) 1, 2, 3, and 4. Marine Plywood. Tip: Plywood with fewer plies is weaker than a plywood with more plies, even if they have the same thickness. Hardwood plywood is considered to be an appearance product, as opposed to softwood plywood, which is considered a structural material. Plywood can also be made into fencing materials, packaging materials, scaffolding, sheds and shipping containers. Back allows 3-6 color matched patches, which are oval in shape and egg sized. © 2000-2020 Home Depot Product Authority, LLC. Great for beginner DIYers. Plywood grades of A1, A2, B1, B2 are a good two sided product and would be used where both sides are going to be seen. There should be no gaps or voids in the surface and no visible patches. 3/4 in. All Rights Reserved. Ready-to-use, pre-cut plywood boards designed for quick and easy DIY projects. Timber is a natural product and has an infinitely varying range of characteristics and appearances. OSB is the logical choice for . The most common thickness of plywood is 1/2-inch, but plywood thickness can range from 1/8-inch to 3/4-inches. They are used in the construction of a house exterior region or outdoor furniture. Repaired splits, joints, bark pockets, laps and knotholes can achieve a sound surface if specified by the buyer. A-grade plywood is ideal for furniture or cabinet doors. C-grade is unsanded and may have several minor defects that will need to be repaired with knots up to 1 1/2-inches across, discoloration and sanding defects. Inner cores are solid birch single piece veneers. In the United States, there are four basic softwood (construction) plywood veneer grades you need to worry about: A, B, C and D. Occasionally, you may run into a fifth grade called “C-plugged.” Each sheet will have two grades, such as AC. Local store prices may vary from those displayed. Properties of MDO. You will find our “On-Grade” selections of Exterior Plywood to be consistently at the lowest prices around. This pattern adds strength and stability that resists shrinkage and expansion caused by moisture. Can be made from hardwood or softwood. May degrade faster than plywood due to moisture. They should not be exposed to moisture. BB/CP: Single piece face and back. Although not technically plywood, other engineered wood boards and panels can be great options for construction projects when you want to save money or have a different look and feel. 3-ply is one of the most common types of plywood. This just specifies what a particular end use a piece of plywood … Grades AA through E represent the quality of each side of the sheet of plywood, with grade AA being the highest quality with no defects in the visible veneer. Find more information about HPVA Standards. The most common plywood uses include support for floors, walls, roofs and garages in residential construction. It corresponds to our grades B/BB and BB/BB. Both types of plywood use an exterior grade adhesive, meaning that the adhesive does not lose its strength when wetted or heated to a reasonable temperature. Most of Cabinet Grade is supplied as Interior plywood. Shop plywood and a variety of building supplies products online at Lowes.com. Plywood and sheet goods are Windsor Plywood's speciality including domestic and exotic species and types. These project panels help eliminate waste, cut costs, and are easier to transport than full-size panels. This is a high grade plywood that has some manufacturing defects but is otherwise very usable. Plywood is available in four common grades. Used to create craft tables or finished markerboards for chore lists, notes, calendars, drawings and more. Defects of Shop Grade Plywood Plywood is a wood based panel made of thin layers of wood, glued together to 4-by-8 foot sheets. 5-ply is a versatile type of plywood that is about 4-millimeters thick. B/BB: Single piece face and back veneer. Holds up well against temperature changes but will swell when exposed to water and moisture. In our understanding it corresponds to the grades B/BB, BB/BB, BB/CP, CP/CP. Any wood defects have been repaired with synthetic filler, so the veneer can be painted. Made from heat-pressed wood fibers and adhesives. When used in flooring, plywood functions as the subfloor that supports hardwoods, tile and carpet floors. Exterior Plywood. This panel is not sanded and would be used for structural purposes. D-grade is also unsanded with defects that have not been repaired and knot holes up to 2 1/2-inches across, discoloration and sanding defects. The panel is sound both sides and designed for laminating. Particle Board (Low Density Fiberboard - LDF). Edges should be sealed to avoid water damage. Made from hardwoods like birch, maple and oak. Depending on the type of project you’re working on, project panels or plywood alternatives can save you time and money. If you need help identifying a tool or material, find products fast with image search in The Home Depot Mobile App. Stainable and paintable plywood are often used to make shelving, cabinets and furniture. Grade A is sanded smooth and may have some repairs made on the wood’s surface by the manufacturer. x 4 ft. x 8 ft. PureBond Birch Plywood (FSC Certified) Since OSB is engineered to perform, it is adaptable to your specific industrial application. If you’re looking for plywood that is smooth and can be easily painted, this is a great option. Physical Properties: Heavy, hard, strong, and stiff. Strong and inexpensive, but unfinished and not made for appearances. Plywood looks more like real wood. Appearance: Straight grained with a fine even texture. Plies are glued at right angles to one another, making the plywood very strong and stable. Frequently used in furniture construction, which is why it is sometimes also called furniture board. To meet industrial and commercial demand, Great Northern Lumber is currently supplying three (3) grades: 1) On-grade, 2) Industrial (on-grade), and 3) Shop. The letters progress like grades in school — A is the highest grade, D is the lowest. Veneer lap and small core voids permitted. Continuous exposure to water will leach the preservative chemicals from the wood. Exposure 2 means the panels are made with an intermediate glue that is not fully waterproof. Since plywood is made with wood strips, its surfaces take on the solid-wood appearance better than MDF. The amount of defects and the work that goes into repairing the materials determines its grade. A has the highest quality and is the most expensive, and D is the least expensive. We supply grade C/C unsanded. Follow our chart below to find the best plywood alternative for your project. You may also find ratings with two-letter classifications, such as BC. Used for planned DIY projects when you know the measurements needed for plywood. What is Shop Grade Plywood? Tight pin knots may be present. Shop-grade plywood, for all its defects, is up to 85 percent usable. Panels allow for 1-3 splits on the face veneer along one edge of the panel in lengths no longer than 10” and no wider than ¼”. Use exterior rated plywood for permanent outdoor structures that will be exposed to water long-term. Marine-grade plywood offers superior protection in wet environments. Plywood that does not meet the criteria for these grades, is … Exterior means the panels have been waterproofed and can withstand inclement weather. Usually heavier and less expensive than plywood. A-grade plywood: A-grade plywood is the highest quality and is the most expensive, as most sheets will be free of flaws. The most-used sheathing and subfloor material. Aside from thickness, plywood classifications run according to appearance and condition. This is the best face grade on plywood normally stocked and is often used for upper-end cabinetry, architectural millwork, and quality furniture. It may also have inconsistencies in length, width and thickness. open splits, and joints limited by width and length. We carry four grades of plywood: A, B, C and D. The grade refers to the quality and appearance of the plywood’s face and back veneers. These thin layers, also called plies, are glued together in alternating right angles to create a cross-grain pattern. A ply refers to a layer of veneer used to create plywood’s various thicknesses. The grade refers to the quality and appearance of the plywood’s face and back veneers. SHOP GRADES: Shop panels are offered in the full 60” X 60” format in all of the grades listed above. When choosing plywood or a plywood alternative, consider these features as well: Choose the types of plywood you need for your projects based on where and how you’ll be using the panels. The explanation of grades listed above is a general overview. Shop-grade is the lowest grade of plywood available and the most affordable. Multi-ply is a catchall term for plywood with seven or more plies. Make your selection based on the type of project you’re working on. Exterior plywood is glued together with adhesives that are meant to survive in wet or moist areas. Plywood is a popular choice in construction because of its strength and low cost. Shop grades offered at a substantial discount to the “on grade” prices. Different rules and grades are used for different types of plywood. SHOP GRADES: Shop panels are offered in the full 60” X 60” format in all of the grades listed above. This plywood is strong and durable enough for use in roofing, framing and other exterior, structural projects. Plywood is available in four common grades. PLYWOOD - BIRCH Botanical Name: Betula Alleghaniensis Common Names: American birch, Quebec birch, Hard birch, Silver birch, and Swamp birch Sources: Grows in Canada and eastern United States. The overlay is 28 percent resin and resists water. It also explains how two grades are used to give the same or different quality finishes on either side of a sheet of material. Find plywood at Lowe's today. As such, a sheet of A-C plywood will be very well finished on the face with a relatively unfinished back. Pressure Treated Plywood. Designed for permanent structures. More ply creates a thicker and stronger board. Although specialty plywood can have any number of plies above three, most plywood is categorized as 3-ply, 5-ply or multi-ply. We all know plywood prices at wholesaler are lesser than retailers. Plywood makes up most of the walls and floors in attics and are sometimes found in laundry rooms, closets and other unfinished areas in the home. Can also discourage insect damage. Face veneers are considered clear and free of defects with a light-uniform color. CDX plywood … They may even be commonly referred to as plywood, despite being manufactured differently. Stronger than particle board, but weaker than plywood. Plywood is a necessity in many DIY and construction projects, but not every type of plywood works for every project. Monday ~ Friday | 7am ~ 4pm, 4020 Sepulveda Blvd This treatment prevents the wood from decaying or rotting. Can be heavier than other types of plywood. Pressure treatment with chemical compounds does not waterproof the plywood. Has an unfinished appearance. ANSI Plywood Grading Standards & Descriptions. Use it indoors or outdoors, but avoid using for framing permanent structures, such as a shed or a home. Like particle board, it holds up well against temperature changes but not to water. Most often used for mouldings, cabinets and shelving. . Little to no additional sanding is needed. The workbench is constructed of high-density industrial-grade particleboard to accommodate tools of a variety of shapes and sizes. Shop where the contractor's shop! This guide will explain the different uses of plywood, as well as popular plywood sheet sizes and its rating and grade system, so that you can choose the best plywood for your project. Plywood is an engineered wood from the manufactured boards family, which also includes particle board and oriented strand board (OSB). May not be as weather-resistant as other types of plywood. Plywood damaged in production or shipping is sold as shop grade plywood. Imported Plywood is graded with a face and back grade designation. Panels allow for 1-3 splits on the face veneer along one edge of the panel in lengths no longer than 10” and no wider than ¼”. It has visible defects on both sides. Face veneers are considered clear and free of defects with a light-uniform color. Interior means the panels are not waterproof and are designed for interior use only. Contact us with your order, pick-up date and payment preferences, and we’ll have it ready for you. Plywood is a necessity for many projects, from building cabinetry in the laundry room to building your dream gazebo in the backyard. The Hardwood Plywood and Veneer Association of America (HPVA) have created a set of rules called the Voluntary Standard for Hardwood and Decorative Panels commonly known as grading codes, which define allowable ranges of appearances and behavior for different species of hardwood plywood. Need Help? Any wood defects have been repaired with synthetic filler, so the veneer can be painted. Plywood Grades A & B The highest quality - and most expensive - types of softwood plywood are the A & B grades - which is perfect for shop projects like workbench plans. Plywood grades are (best to worst) A, B, C and D for face or front face. Common plywood that has been pressure treated with chemicals. A-grade plywood features a smooth, sanded surface without knots. Please call us at: 1-800-HOME-DEPOT (1-800-466-3337), Please enter in your email address in the following format: you@domain.com. This can include damage to the veneers that form either the outside or inside of the of plywood. Made from compressed layers of wood chips and adhesives. BC-grade is a mix grade plywood with one side graded a B, while the other side is graded a C. The most common plywood sizes are 4- x 8-feet sheets and 5- x 5-feet sheets. Shop grades offered at a substantial discount to the “on grade” prices. A has the highest quality and is the most expensive, and D is the least expensive. Grades AA through E represent the quality of each side of the sheet of plywood, with grade AA being the highest quality with no defects in the visible veneer. Grade A-1 shop plywood should be as close to perfect as possible. Many customers use Cabinet Grade. Plywood panels with a coated writing surface. What is Shop Grade Plywood Used For? Plywood Grades . However, they are not suitable for long-term exposure post-construction. MDO is an exterior grade plywood with a weather-resistant layer of resin-infused fiber that seals it from the elements. Plywood grading standards are published by the Hardwood Plywood & Veneer Association. Unless they have a Structural 1 rating, other plywood panels of any width are not suited for seismic retrofitting. High shock resistance, bending and … You can easily differentiate between materials by their grades. Have a finish-quality appearance and a high strength-to-weight ratio. Products shown as available are normally stocked but inventory levels cannot be guaranteed, For screen reader problems with this website, please call 1-800-430-3376 or text 38698 (standard carrier rates apply to texts), Other Plywood Features and Considerations, How To Finish Wood 101–A Wood Finishing Guide. But there is also some more benefits like you will get chance to choose from different types of plywood at one place. The many types of plywood can differ in materials, number of layers, rating and grade. Plywood is sold in various ratings, grades and sizes. Exposure 1 means the panels have been waterproofed and can withstand exposure to the elements during construction. Inner cores are solid birch single piece veneers. Made from compressed wood fibers and adhesives, sometimes using a mold. It is about 2- to 3-millimeters thick and is generally used indoors, since it looks more decorative than thicker plywood boards. Has a uniform and smooth appearance that is easily painted or stained. Shop Grade (M1) – Economy panel for non-structural applications; ... Grades of plywood Available in various grades. Face and back grade veneers allow unlimited sound knots and repaired splits and unlimited patches. Often made from wood scraps and waste, making it less expensive than plywood. Plywood is graded using a lettering system, this guide explains what quality of finish should be expected for each of the UK grades including photos. BB/BB: Single piece face and back. Typically used where it will be seen, such as for cabinets, shelves and paneling. For use with dry erase markers only. These panels can withstand occasional moisture but are otherwise intended for interior use. It is typically used for the interior of cabinets where its defects will not be noticed. . Strong enough to also be used in structural applications. Snap a picture of an item or material you like and we'll show you similar products. Some of the customers use word Commercial Grade. Plywood has an odd number of plies and needs at least three plies. However, if you’re not an experienced plywood shopper, the numerous options at the hardware store can seem overwhelming.. You’ll find various prices matched with multiple materials, ply, sizes, veneers, grades, and more. C/C: Patches, open knots, and small veneer splits allowed. Knotholes up to 4″ in diameter are permitted. When used for roofing, plywood panels are covered and protected by a variety of building materials that keep the elements at bay, including roof felt, underlayment, flashing and shingles. It is usually used in areas that are hidden from view in a post-construction capacity. Anderson Plywood Sales © Copyright 1946 - document.write(new Date().getFullYear());   |   Designed by M2A Solutions, Inc. In general, A grade plywood has few imperfections, making it suitable for painting, whereas D grade … The front side is typically a higher grade, and thus more attractive, than the back. Reddish brown heartwood and light-yellow sapwood. Various types of wood, ply and plywood alternatives available. Both faces should be from single sheet veneers. The face and back (top and bottom) plies are sanded in the manufacturing process to be smooth and even. All large knots are replaced with football-shaped patches, which can be sanded and finished with the rest of the panel. You can use other types of boards in place of true plywood. • Strength and stiffness • Thermal and Acoustical Properties • Fire and Impact Resistance • Workability Both face and back veneers allow 3-6 small color-matched patches on average and some light mineral streaks. Exterior Plywood Part of what makes Shur-Way unique as a lumber yard is the large selection of “Shop” and “Mill Grade” plywood that we carry in addition to our normal “On-Grade” plywood selections. Plywood that looks nice, in a species such as cherry, oak or walnut, is graded and priced mainly on the quality and thickness of the face veneer. Inner cores are solid single piece veneers. Toll-free (855) 424-9663 info@andersonplywood.com, Temporary Hours B-grade plywood also features a smooth, sanded surface, but may have more repaired defects up to 1-inch across. Use of this site is subject to certain Terms Of Use. Has a strong, consistent density. The marine plywood is only available in A-A grade. See More + Add additional storage capacity to your Edsal bulk rack using this Edsal 2 ft. x 2 ft. Workbench that snaps into Edsal bulk storage frames and … A-grade plywood features a smooth, sanded surface without knots. (1) No sap allowed in Rift, Comb, and P/S; Allowed in Rotary White Oak. 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