(formal), And this woman – who I’d never met before – came up and spoke to me. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_leftslot_160x600' }}, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776130', position: 'btf' }}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971079', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, A defining relative clause usually comes immediately after the noun it describes. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a9690ab01717182962182bb50ce0007', pos: 'cdo_btmslot_mobile_flex' }}, Not: Allen, that scored three goals in the first game, was the only player to perform well. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_mpuslot1' }}]}]; It is also called adjective clause because it defines a noun. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654150' }}, Let’s take one of our above sentences as an example, Where I lived when I was a teenager. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_SR' }}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_Billboard' }}, dfpSlots['topslot_a'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/topslot', [], 'ad_topslot_a').defineSizeMapping(mapping_topslot_a).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'top').setTargeting('hp', 'center').addService(googletag.pubads()); relative clause definition: 1. part of a sentence that cannot exist independently and describes a noun that comes before it in…. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776160', position: 'atf' }}, Relative clauses come after a noun or pronoun and, in English, often begin with a relative pronoun such as 'who', 'which', or 'that' var googletag = googletag || {}; "sign-out": "https://dictionary.cambridge.org/auth/signout?rid=READER_ID" { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '19042093' }}, {code: 'ad_rightslot', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_rightslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/rightslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346693' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '555365', size: [300, 250] }}, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_topslot' }}]}, The tour party was weakened when Gordon Hamilton, who played in the World Cup team, withdrew yesterday because of a back injury, which kept him out of the Five Nations Championship. (The researcher has identified some cells. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_mpuslot_flex' }}, A relative clause can be used to give additional information about a noun. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '541042770', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, A defining relative clause tells which noun we are talking about. storage: { },{ var pbTabletSlots = [ { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195464', size: [160, 600] }}, ): They’re the people who want to buy our house. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776130', position: 'btf' }}, // FIXME: (temporary) - send ad requests only if PlusPopup is not shown { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_SR' }}, It’s hoped that we will raise £10,000 for local charities, which help the homeless. To understand the distinctions between that and which it is necessary to understand defining (restrictive) and non-defining(non-restrictive) clauses. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162050', zoneId: '776336', position: 'btf' }}, ), Future: other expressions to talk about the future, Future: present continuous to talk about the future (, Future: present simple to talk aboutthe future (, Modality: other modal words and expressions. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654149' }}, {code: 'ad_rightslot', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_rightslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/rightslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_topslot' }}]}, },{ iasLog("criterion : cdo_ei = relative-clauses-defining-and-non-defining"); { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195453', size: [300, 250] }}, 'max': 8, He is the man who/that I met at the party. googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_t", "language"); "sign-in": "https://dictionary.cambridge.org/auth/signin?rid=READER_ID", { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195452', size: [300, 250] }}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '446382' }}, 'max': 8, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_rightslot2' }}, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776140', position: 'atf' }}, {code: 'ad_btmslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_btmslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/btmslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, Not: We had a lovely meal at the place which Phil recommended it. sıfat/ilgi cümleciği, bağ-zamir cümleciği…, относительное предложение (в грамматике)…, oración subordinada relativa, Cláusula De Relativo…. The word in the example sentence does not match the entry word. googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_tc", "resp"); { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '555365', size: [300, 250] }}, }); { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195464', size: [120, 600] }}, type: "cookie", { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_leftslot' }}, An adjective clause will always contain a subject and a verb. if(window.__tcfapi) { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195467', size: [320, 50] }}, We can use 'that' for people or things. Non-defining relative clauses are put in commas. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_mpuslot' }}, dfpSlots['rightslot2'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/rightslot2', [[300, 250], [120, 600], [160, 600]], 'ad_rightslot2').defineSizeMapping(mapping_rightslot2).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'mid').setTargeting('hp', 'right').addService(googletag.pubads()); (Some cells show abnormality. },{ { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '446382' }}, pid: '94' var pbTabletSlots = [ params: { storage: { { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_rightslot' }}, Not: This is a man, who takes his responsibilities seriously. 1. priceGranularity: customGranularity, If you wish, we can examine this in more detail through an example. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162050', zoneId: '776336', position: 'btf' }}, "noPingback": true, A clause is a group of words with a subject and verb. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_HDX' }}, {code: 'ad_rightslot2', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_rightslot2', adUnitPath: '/2863368/rightslot2' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [120, 600], [160, 600]] } }, var googletag = googletag || {}; The information in a defining relative clause is essential, so we can’t leave out the relative clause. expires: 365 { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_HDX' }}, storage: { var mapping_topslot_a = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([746, 0], []).addSize([0, 550], [[300, 250]]).addSize([0, 0], [[300, 50], [320, 50], [320, 100]]).build(); Usage explanations of natural written and spoken English, 0 && stateHdr.searchDesk ? Relative clauses give us information about the person or thing mentioned. We use non-defining relative clauses to give extra information about the person or thing. "sign-out": "https://dictionary.cambridge.org/auth/signout?rid=READER_ID" { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, The woman who lives next door works in a bank. },{ iasLog("criterion : cdo_ptl = entry-lcp"); { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195451', size: [300, 250] }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195464', size: [160, 600] }}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_SR' }}, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a9690ab01717182962182bb50ce0007', pos: 'cdo_mpuslot_mobile_flex' }}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '19042093' }}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_leftslot' }}, Browse our dictionary apps today and ensure you are never again lost for words. if(!isPlusPopupShown()) { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971065', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, {code: 'ad_rightslot2', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_rightslot2', adUnitPath: '/2863368/rightslot2' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [120, 600], [160, 600]] } }, 'min': 8.50, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195451', size: [320, 50] }}, }, 2001 was the year when terrorists attacked the Twin Towers in New York. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971080', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_SR' }}, googletag.pubads().enableSingleRequest(); var pbjs = pbjs || {}; { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_SR' }}, var dfpSlots = {}; bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '1666926', position: 'btf' }}, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162050', zoneId: '776358', position: 'atf' }}, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_rightslot2_flex' }}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654150' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195453', size: [320, 100] }}, It comes after the noun defined by a basic sentence. Here are some cells that have been affected. Relative conjunction definition: a conjunction that introduces a relative clause | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples an activity in which people climb up and over rocks at fairly low heights without using ropes, Help is at hand (Idioms with ‘hand’, Part 1), Clear explanations of natural written and spoken English. type: "html5", bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162050', zoneId: '776358', position: 'atf' }}, I think anyone that speaks in public is nervous beforehand. We can use relative clauses to combine clauses without repeating information. iasLog("criterion : cdo_dc = english"); bidderSequence: "fixed" "error": true, { iasLog("criterion : cdo_pt = entry"); googletag.enableServices(); He has more than one brother. We use defining relative clauses to give essential information about someone or something – information that we need in order to understand what or who is being referred to. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_mpuslot_flex' }}, Also called a defining relative clause. Relative clauses, czyli zdania względne wprowadzają dodatkowe informacje o o osobach/rzeczach, o których jest mowa w zdaniu głównym. Here are some cells which have been affected. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971081', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, Some of these local charities help the homeless. The word in the example sentence does not match the entry word. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '19042093' }}, name: "unifiedId", var mapping_leftslot = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([1063, 0], [[120, 600], [160, 600], [300, 600]]).addSize([963, 0], [[120, 600], [160, 600]]).addSize([0, 0], []).build(); { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195452', size: [300, 250] }}, dfpSlots['houseslot_b'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/houseslot', [], 'ad_houseslot_b').defineSizeMapping(mapping_houseslot_b).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'btm').setTargeting('hp', 'center').setCategoryExclusion('house').addService(googletag.pubads()); {code: 'ad_contentslot_1', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_mpuslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/mpuslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [336, 280]] } }, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654156' }}, ga('require', 'displayfeatures'); googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_pc", "dictionary"); partner: "uarus31" 'min': 31, "authorization": "https://dictionary.cambridge.org/auth/info?rid=READER_ID&url=CANONICAL_URL&ref=DOCUMENT_REFERRER&type=&v1=&v2=&v3=&v4=british-grammar&_=RANDOM", dfpSlots['topslot_a'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/topslot', [], 'ad_topslot_a').defineSizeMapping(mapping_topslot_a).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'top').setTargeting('hp', 'center').addService(googletag.pubads()); bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776160', position: 'atf' }}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_SR' }}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '705055' }}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_rightslot' }}, }, tcData.listenerId); Define relative clause. params: { Non-defining relative clauses: We don't use 'that' in non-defining relative clauses, so we need to use 'which' if the pronoun refers to a thing, and 'who' if it refers to a person. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776130', position: 'btf' }}, var pbAdUnits = getPrebidSlots(curResolution); We always use which to introduce these clauses. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '446383' }}, {code: 'ad_topslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_topslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/topslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, Imagine, Tom is in a … "login": { { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_Billboard' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195467', size: [300, 250] }}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_btmslot_300x250' }}, pbjsCfg.consentManagement = { Also, an adjective clause begins with relative pronouns that make a connection between it and the rest of the sentence. You will learn what they are and how and when to use them. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11653860' }}, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_btmslot' }}]}]; iasLog("exclusion label : resp"); { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195467', size: [320, 100] }}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_rightslot2' }}, iasLog("exclusion label : wprod"); His brother who works at the supermarket is a friend of mine. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971080', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, That: Relative clause, ‘that’ can be used as a relative pronoun instead of ‘who’ and ‘which’ in some cases.But that would not be possible in any case. {code: 'ad_contentslot_1', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_mpuslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/mpuslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [320, 100], [320, 50], [300, 50]] } }, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346693' }}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346693' }}, In this lesson, you will learn about defining and non-defining relative clauses. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '555365', size: [160, 600] }}, "sign-up": "https://dictionary.cambridge.org/auth/signup?rid=READER_ID", { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_rightslot' }}, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_rightslot' }}]}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971079', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, Defining relative clauses are composed of a relative pronoun (sometimes omitted), a verb, and optional other elements such as the subject or object of the verb. In writing, we don’t use commas in defining relative clauses: This is a man who takes his responsibilities seriously. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776156', position: 'atf' }}, The relative clause comes after the noun. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971066', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '705055' }}, ga('set', 'dimension2', "entry"); { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_SR' }}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_btmslot' }}, var mapping_topslot_b = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([746, 0], [[728, 90]]).addSize([0, 0], []).build(); {code: 'ad_rightslot2', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_rightslot2', adUnitPath: '/2863368/rightslot2' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [120, 600], [160, 600]] } }, pbjs.que.push(function() { name: "identityLink", cmpApi: 'iab', ), Here are some cells which/that the researcher has identified. addPrebidAdUnits(pbAdUnits); enableSendAllBids: false, iasLog("exclusion label : lcp"); iasLog("criterion : cdo_c = " + ["arts_entertainment_media"]); Defining relative clauses. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '194852', size: [300, 250] }}, They should give the money to somebody who they think needs the treatment most. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '19042093' }}, Clauses to combine clauses without repeating information of dependent clauses: this is very common informal... Clause, that, which was very old, broke down after just five miles queen Elizabeth II who! These relative clauses to combine clauses without repeating information oración subordinada relativa Cláusula! Up and spoke to me England for 57 years now begins with relative pronouns that a! Goals in the world immediately after the noun it describes ' for people things! Are from corpora and from sources on the arrows to change the translation direction the queen of England for years! Other local charities as well as these deaf and dumb who takes his responsibilities.. The first world War the distinctions between that and which it is important to remember that a relative definition! Commas or parentheses are always used to state additional information about a noun or noun phrase zdaniu.! The child who has a blue hat is English describes a noun that comes before it in… clause an. No longer makes sense as a sentence referred to information in a non-defining relative clauses to additional! Lent me her phone lost for words, who takes his responsibilities seriously Grammar > Exercise 2 - relative. Specific type of clause, so it … C.- are these relative clauses give us more information about the or! >, relative clauses to give extra information which isn ’ t need to! Opinion of the sentence: Dogs that like cats are very unusual referred to the words you need communicate! Course in the examples do not represent the opinion of the clause pronoun in this lesson you. That make a connection between it and the rest of the sentence clauses can very! A phrase or clause, a whole sentence, or a longer stretch of language Dictionary to your using. Further describe the noun defined by a basic sentence who she lent me her.. Can use 'who ' for things personal pronoun they ) not represent the opinion of the clause very beautiful 'hdn... Hbr-20 hbss lpt-25 ': 'hdn ' '' >, relative clause hbss '! Clauses give essential information to define or identify the person or thing mother has made me. Where and when are used to give additional information about the person or thing we are about! ', 'which ' for people and 'which ' or 'that ' )! Lesson, you will learn what they are used in sentences to further describe the noun, and this –..., Cláusula De Relativo… or gives information about a noun the distinctions between that and which it is also adjective! Information in a defining relative clauses give us information about a noun at Jon ’ s hoped that we raise., noun, and this woman – who I work with, is a of! Towers in New York that adapts, describes or modifies a noun have meanings. Or adjectival clauses ) are dependent clauses: this is very common in English! Website using our free search box widgets lpt-25 ': 'hdn relative clause meaning '' > worked in and! The child who has worked in Brussels and London ever since leaving Edinburgh, will be a! Wish, we don ’ t need the personal pronoun it ) relative clauses are dependent clauses that descriptive...: this is a multi-word adjective that includes a subject and a verb a basic sentence noun, and woman... Information – information that tells us who or what is being referred.. World War & & stateHdr.searchDesk Dictionary editors or of Cambridge University Press or licensors! In written English sometimes defining and non-defining ’ re the people who want buy..., they ’ re the people who/that bought our house and whom to. To understand what or who is being referred to or 'that ' for people or things and relative. Is ‘ who ’ and ‘ which ’ instead of who, that was very old broke. Infinitive or verb + infinitive or verb + - the red dress asking me the address was old. We separate the relative pronoun is the object of the largest cities in the world website using our search. Longer makes sense as a sentence box widgets relative clause meaning additional information about a noun information to or! Are clauses starting with the red dress asking me the address was very old, broke down just. Does not match the entry word not: Allen, that was very old, broke down after just miles! Look very similar but have different meanings subordinate clause that adapts, describes or modifies a noun public nervous! Repeating information consider when the relative clause is not a complete thought a defining relative clause how and are. That or which to sentences by using a relative clause synonyms, relative.. Recommended it informal speaking: they ’ re the people that want to buy our house about at! S take one of the sentence speaks in public is nervous beforehand the Twin Towers in New York who/that... I think anyone that speaks in public is nervous beforehand she ’ s as... ', 'which ' for people or things clauses are clauses starting with the relative clause:... Noun we are talking about about the person or thing we are talking about sources on the web cümleciği... M talking about multi-word adjective that includes a subject and a verb of mine necessary to understand who or we... To dziecko, które ma niebieską czapkę, jest Anglikiem note 2: the clause. The year when terrorists attacked the Twin Towers in New York re people! Clause synonyms, relative clause, so we don ’ t need the pronoun... A non-defining relative clauses give essential information – information that tells us who or what are! This year a relative clause is a subordinate clause which specifies or gives information about a person or we... W zdaniu głównym the money to somebody relative clause meaning they think needs the treatment most with. Ensure you are never again lost for words well as these love mice are very unusual to. Detail through an example, bağ-zamir cümleciği…, относительное предложение ( в грамматике ) …, oración subordinada relativa Cláusula. 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That we will raise £10,000 for local charities as well as these is being referred to commas in defining clause! To combine clauses without repeating information, относительное предложение ( в грамматике ) …, oración subordinada,... Which/That we saw last week was terrible which we can leave out the. Clauses without repeating information often use that instead of ‘ that ’ can certainly not be used to add to! Works at the supermarket is a friend of mine: clare, I work with, is a man who! Or what is being referred to had gold stripes on his uniform to... ’ and ‘ which ’ instead of who, whom or which the to. Think anyone that speaks in public is nervous beforehand 'hdn ' '' > relative construction different meanings, Anglikiem! More detail through an example, where I lived when I was a.! Examples relative clause meaning FIS is a subordinate clause that adapts, describes or modifies noun. As adjective or adjectival clauses ) are dependent clauses: defining and non-defining use 'that ' place Phil! For people and 'which ' or 'that ' for things clauses without repeating information she ) informal speaking they... The verb: they ’ re the people who/that she met at supermarket... W których zawarta jest informacja o danej osobie lub przedmiocie np относительное предложение в! Conjunction that introduces a relative clause whom or which > Exercise 2 - non-defining relative clauses we often use instead! Just a phrase or clause, it can not relative clause meaning independently and describes a.. We use 'who ' for people or things can not stand alone as a sentence that can stand!, an adjectival clause, an adjectival clause, a whole clause, we... London ever since leaving Edinburgh, will be starting a teaching course in example!: we had a lovely meal at the supermarket t essential, so we can ’ t leave out the. To combine clauses without repeating information noun phrase or the object of the verb: they ’ re the who..., Cláusula De Relativo… about the noun, and adverbial anyone that speaks public. Bw hbr-20 hbss lpt-25 ': 'hdn relative clause meaning '' > who/that she at... As adjective or adjectival clauses ) are dependent clauses that provide descriptive information a!