(1Sa 14:25-30) Jonathan unknowingly breaks the oath and is told of his offense. There is a time to go aside and pray, and there is a time to get your sword out and fight. i. But Jonathan knew that God uses the bold action and fighting spirit of His people. On the surface, this sounds so spiritual. 1 Samuel 10:14 "And Saul's uncle said unto him and to his servant, Whither went ye? He might have said, “I’m fasting today before the Lord. Jonathan knew God wanted to work with someone. John 3:16, Jesus faith love), The Whole Bible Let’s just pray instead.” If we only want victory or only want to be used by God when it is easy, we won’t see much victory and we won’t be used much. Major Prophets GenesisExodusLeviticusNumbersDeuteronomyJoshuaJudgesRuth1 Samuel2 Samuel1 Kings2 Kings1 Chronicles2 ChroniclesEzraNehemiahEstherJobPsalmsProverbsEcclesiastesSong of SongsIsaiahJeremiahLamentationsEzekielDanielHoseaJoelAmosObadiahJonahMicahNahumHabakkukZephaniahHaggaiZechariahMalachiMatthewMarkLukeJohnActsRomans1 Corinthians2 CorinthiansGalatiansEphesiansPhilippiansColossians1 Thessalonians2 Thessalonians1 Timothy2 TimothyTitusPhilemonHebrewsJames1 Peter2 Peter1 John2 John3 JohnJudeRevelation. Saul put the army of Israel under an oath so he could take vengeance on his enemies. Actually the opposite is true. The Blue Letter Bible ministry and the BLB Institute hold to the historical, First, the oath itself and the penalty on the oath breaker were simply bad and foolish laws, and should not have been enforced. 1 Samuel Study Guide Chapter 1 1) How many wives did Elkanah have? Jonathan never read the New Testament, but he had a Romans 8:31 heart: If God be for us, who can be against us? The names Urim and Thummim mean “Lights and Perfections.” We aren’t sure what they were or how they were used. i. Jonathan knew the need was great. Between the passes... there was a sharp rock on one side and a sharp rock on the other side: On his way to the Philistine garrison, Jonathan saw a strategic position – a narrow path through a pass with large, sharp rocks on either side. Saul showed that even in doing something spiritual like fasting his focus is on himself, not the Lord. These Hebrew servants of the Philistines probably hated their masters but were afraid to stand free in the Lord. And he said, To seek the asses: and when we saw that [they were] no where, we came to Samuel." The Gospels It may save us: The elders rightly sensed they needed God’s help to win the battle. ii. Very well: This indicates that Jonathan took the support of his armor bearer as confirmation. When the morale and the physical energy of Israel should have been the strongest, the army was weak and discouraged. And Saul was sitting in the outskirts of Gibeah under a pomegranate tree which is in Migron. For nothing restrains the Lord from saving by many or by few: This is wise courage in God. But if they say thus, ‘Come up to us,’ then we will go up. Jonathan perhaps thought, “Well, if God could do it through Shamgar, He could do it through me!”. There was a sense in which he was undercutting his father’s authority before the troops. ‡�{��B`�N62(;��TY��\��" X�ub�X8�“ϋ3]y���1E̸B���%�k�����n��҆�\ݺe�{�t߮5=NL ;�lk?�:EdP��b9�"Lq�J��{~���2ɤ�=�-]{�6j�I���U����yZ؀ �7��0��$�q�)�kT ;��P�@?�fW?���L+�Ĭ�ߚ�B�Zb,��BJ��w�M�����z�q���i8]�&z��=�l?���|�~c��>fM�o�w$����0��;�X|�"�Q� ��R6 �BC��������K����Yˬ�U�x%��:�ppG��i0]�&�7z��f�5v�q���Z=��2�ܡ�N����G��I��>c1�����oBL��/L?���iSFE=�D�(+_��J2��$�. This will be a sign to us: In his step of faith, Jonathan wanted to know if God was really leading. ii. Then Saul returned from pursuing the Philistines, and the Philistines went to their own place. There are at least three reasons why it was right to spare Jonathan, even though he broke the oath. Through this curse, Saul put the focus back on himself. So now I must die!” And Saul answered, “God do so and more also; for you shall surely die, Jonathan.”. ii. He pronounced a death sentence on whoever ate in violation of his forced vow. The JudgeshIp oF samueL (4:1–7:17) d. And they fell before Jonathan: Jonathan knew that the battle was the Lord’s yet he knew God would use him to fight. King Saul had indeed troubled the land with his pseudo-spiritual command to fast. 1. So Jonathan was taken: Saul was shaken. Luke-Acts (1Sa 14:15) God attacks the Philistines. b. Now all the people of the land came to a forest; and there was honey on the ground. a. Check out the first time that Samuel meets Saul. stream And the Philistines said, “Look, the Hebrews are coming out of the holes where they have hidden.” Then the men of the garrison called to Jonathan and his armorbearer, and said, “Come up to us, and we will show you something.” Jonathan said to his armorbearer, “Come up after me, for the Lord has delivered them into the hand of Israel.” And Jonathan climbed up on his hands and knees with his armorbearer after him; and they fell before Jonathan. Imagine Saul’s shock when the lot indicated that he and Jonathan were the guilty group! This was the first altar that he built to the Lord. If that were his motive he would have told at least a few people that he went. General Epistles When God uses a man He almost always calls others around the man to support and help him. But Jonathan said, “My father has troubled the land. The next chapter will fully expose the weakness of Saul. 300 Bible study articles that explain clearly every verse in 1 Samuel. -------------------- GenesisExodusLeviticusNumbersDeuteronomyJoshuaJudgesRuth1 Samuel2 Samuel1 Kings2 Kings1 Chronicles2 ChroniclesEzraNehemiahEstherJobPsalmsProverbsEcclesiastesSong of SongsIsaiahJeremiahLamentationsEzekielDanielHoseaJoelAmosObadiahJonahMicahNahumHabakkukZephaniahHaggaiZechariahMalachiMatthewMarkLukeJohnActsRomans1 Corinthians2 CorinthiansGalatiansEphesiansPhilippiansColossians1 Thessalonians2 Thessalonians1 Timothy2 TimothyTitusPhilemonHebrewsJames1 Peter2 Peter1 John2 John3 JohnJudeRevelation, Select a Beginning Point (1Sa 14:36-39) In response to God’s silence, Saul makes another foolish oath. But Jonathan had not heard his father charge the people with the oath; therefore he stretched out the end of the rod that was in his hand and dipped it in a honeycomb, and put his hand to his mouth; and his countenance brightened. b. They were vastly outnumbered and greatly surpassed in military technology. Probably, God wants us to associate the meaning of Ichabod’s name with where Saul is at spiritually. Prophets 1 Samuel 8:14 "And he will take your fields, and your vineyards, and your oliveyards, [even] the best [of them], and give [them] to his servants." Did it matter if it was a million-to-one or a thousand-to-one? Of course, if Saul knew that it was Jonathan who violated his oath, he would never had said this. Historical Books Before the author describes this momentous change in the structure of the theocracy (God's kingly rule over his people), he 1. c. Cursed is the man: This shows that Saul’s sense of authority was wrong. There was the multitude, melting away: As the watchmen of Israel kept an eye on the huge army of the Philistines, the army started to melt away as they watched. c. But Jonathan had not heard his father charge the people with the oath: Because of this, Jonathan ate some of that honey and immediately, it did the weary soldier well: his countenance brightened. On this day of battle, because of Saul’s foolish command, the people were so hungry they broke this command. b. I Samuel, Bible Courses, Bible study guides, Bible study questions,Books of Bible, English. GenesisExodusLeviticusNumbersDeuteronomyJoshuaJudgesRuth1 Samuel2 Samuel1 Kings2 Kings1 Chronicles2 ChroniclesEzraNehemiahEstherJobPsalmsProverbsEcclesiastesSong of SongsIsaiahJeremiahLamentationsEzekielDanielHoseaJoelAmosObadiahJonahMicahNahumHabakkukZephaniahHaggaiZechariahMalachiMatthewMarkLukeJohnActsRomans1 Corinthians2 CorinthiansGalatiansEphesiansPhilippiansColossians1 Thessalonians2 Thessalonians1 Timothy2 TimothyTitusPhilemonHebrewsJames1 Peter2 Peter1 John2 John3 JohnJudeRevelation, Select an Ending Point It may be that the Lord will work for us: For Jonathan, this was more than a reconnaissance expedition. -------------------- Prophets He was willing to take it one step at a time, and let God plan it out. He had a large and influential family. As the Lord lives, not one hair of his head shall fall to the ground, for he has worked with God this day.” So the people rescued Jonathan, and he did not die. Now it happened one day that Jonathan the son of Saul said to the young man who bore his armor, “Come, let us go over to the Philistines’ garrison that is on the other side.” But he did not tell his father. “And goeth at thy %PDF-1.5 Second, Jonathan broke the oath in ignorance. Now it was the job of the army of Israel, under King Saul, to finish the job by striking down the fleeing Philistine army. It happened one day: At the beginning, there was nothing in this day to indicate it would be remarkable. (1Sa 14:40-44) Jonathan is implicated by the casting of lots. This is always the result of legalism. b. It is likely that the priest used the Urim and Thummim to inquire of the Lord. Legalistic rules lead us into sin because they either provoke our rebellion or they lead us into legalistic pride. It was certainly heavy handed to say, “Cursed is the man.” If Saul wanted to call for a voluntary fast, that was one thing. 7. Saul started out as a humble man (1 Samuel 10:21), but his once impressive humility was overtaken by pride. “It was not Jonathan that was to work with some help from God; it was the Lord that was to work by Jonathan.” (Blaikie). Major Prophets Finally, God’s approval was evident from His great blessing on Jonathan (he has worked with God today). Look now, how my countenance has brightened because I tasted a little of this honey. 5. Often we wait around for God to do what we can do. They had been absent so long a time. His object in -------------------- Saul’s royal glory is almost gone, and it is appropriate that he associates with a relative of the man named “The Glory Has Departed.”. Historical Books Or, it may be that Jonathan deliberately did not tell his father, because he believed his father would have simply said “no.”. Wisdom Literature Read 1 Samuel 14 commentary using Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible. endobj The name of Saul’s wife was Ahinoam the daughter of Ahimaaz. Go then; here I am with you, according to your heart.”. 1 Samuel Commentary > Study Guide 1 Samuel – a study guide Please print this section if you would like to study the Book of 1 Samuel with a group of people. Saul should go and fight the Philistines at this strategic moment. Blue Letter Bible study tools make reading, searching and studying the Bible easy and rewarding. Pentateuch . e. Saul was sitting: This was a big contrast to Jonathan. “Strange perverseness! It didn’t matter if the Philistines greatly outnumbered the Israelites and had far better weapons. -------------------- and came to Samuel to Ramah--Samuel was living in great retirement, superintending the school of the prophets, established in the little hamlet of Naioth, in Now it happened, while Saul talked to the priest, that the noise which was in the camp of the Philistines continued to increase; so Saul said to the priest, “Withdraw your hand.”. i. Wisdom Literature I’m excited that you’re joining this journey through the Book of 1 Samuel. Instead, he followed the bold hope and impression of his heart. When Jonathan saw God’s confirming sign, he didn’t lay down his sword and start praying that God would strike them all down. Minor Prophets 1 Samuel 15 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary, by the leading authority in the Church of Christ, presents a verse level look at the Bible. -------------------- Individual instructors or editors may still require the use of URLs. GenesisExodusLeviticusNumbersDeuteronomyJoshuaJudgesRuth1 Samuel2 Samuel1 Kings2 Kings1 Chronicles2 ChroniclesEzraNehemiahEstherJobPsalmsProverbsEcclesiastesSong of SongsIsaiahJeremiahLamentationsEzekielDanielHoseaJoelAmosObadiahJonahMicahNahumHabakkukZephaniahHaggaiZechariahMalachiMatthewMarkLukeJohnActsRomans1 Corinthians2 CorinthiansGalatiansEphesiansPhilippiansColossians1 Thessalonians2 Thessalonians1 Timothy2 TimothyTitusPhilemonHebrewsJames1 Peter2 Peter1 John2 John3 JohnJudeRevelation, Select an Ending Point So Saul established his sovereignty over Israel, and fought against all his enemies on every side, against Moab, against the people of Ammon, against Edom, against the kings of Zobah, and against the Philistines. g. The people did not know that Jonathan was gone: This indicates that Jonathan did not go over to the Philistine garrison out of a desire for personal glory. Yet Saul’s foolish oath prevented them from receiving what God put right in front of them. endobj GenesisExodusLeviticusNumbersDeuteronomyJoshuaJudgesRuth1 Samuel2 Samuel1 Kings2 Kings1 Chronicles2 ChroniclesEzraNehemiahEstherJobPsalmsProverbsEcclesiastesSong of SongsIsaiahJeremiahLamentationsEzekielDanielHoseaJoelAmosObadiahJonahMicahNahumHabakkukZephaniahHaggaiZechariahMalachiMatthewMarkLukeJohnActsRomans1 Corinthians2 CorinthiansGalatiansEphesiansPhilippiansColossians1 Thessalonians2 Thessalonians1 Timothy2 TimothyTitusPhilemonHebrewsJames1 Peter2 Peter1 John2 John3 JohnJudeRevelation, Select a Beginning Point b. 8 He waited seven days, the time set by Samuel; but Samuel did not come to Gilgal, and Saul’s men began to scatter. Study the bible online using commentary on 1 Samuel 14 and more! (1:2) Hannah 3) How often did Elkanah go to worship and sacrifice to the Lord? I will enforce this among the whole army with a curse.”. GenesisExodusLeviticusNumbersDeuteronomyJoshuaJudgesRuth1 Samuel2 Samuel1 Kings2 Kings1 Chronicles2 ChroniclesEzraNehemiahEstherJobPsalmsProverbsEcclesiastesSong of SongsIsaiahJeremiahLamentationsEzekielDanielHoseaJoelAmosObadiahJonahMicahNahumHabakkukZephaniahHaggaiZechariahMalachiMatthewMarkLukeJohnActsRomans1 Corinthians2 CorinthiansGalatiansEphesiansPhilippiansColossians1 Thessalonians2 Thessalonians1 Timothy2 TimothyTitusPhilemonHebrewsJames1 Peter2 Peter1 John2 John3 JohnJudeRevelation, (Hebrew/Greek Search by English Definition), * 'Number Delimiters' only apply to 'Paragraph Order', Search verses, phrases, and topics (e.g. Pauline Epistles Saul and the priest with the ephod sat back while Jonathan bravely trusted God. Usernames should only contain letters, numbers, dots, dashes, or underscores. We shouldn’t think that everything Saul did was bad before the Lord. The Old Testament David Guzik :: Study Guide for 1 Samuel 11 ← Back to David Guzik's Bio & Resources Saul’s Victory at Jabesh Gilead A. Saul’s victory. 2 0 obj We want God to do a great work, so we should fast today. (1Sa 14:16-19) Saul learns of the battle. And Saul said to Ahijah, “Bring the ark of God here” (for at that time the ark of God was with the children of Israel). Described Shamgar ’ s call ( not in this study ) use him your sword out and fight finish battle. Sensed they needed God ’ s strength was broad over many areas ”... King Saul just wanted to know our part one step at a,! C. Bring the ark of God: this was good should have been strong almost always calls around... A 501 ( c ) ( 3 ) how often did Elkanah go to worship and sacrifice to garrison! We shouldn 1 samuel 14 study guide t matter if the Philistines our cookie usage details the same as ’... Patience and his commandment provoked the people had eaten freely today of the army Jonathan wanted to sit a. 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